Fall Foliage Information
- Fall Foliage Report – 1.800.424.LOVE (begins around September 23 each year)
- Skyline Drive/Shenandoah National Park – 540.999.3500 (press “6”)
- Blue Ridge Parkway (between Waynesboro and the North Carolina border) – 828.298.0398 (press “3”)
- Fall Color Information – from the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests.
- U.S. Forest Service Fall Color Page
- Fall Foliage Reports for the Blue Ridge Parkway and the Shenandoah Valley. Provided by the Weather Channel
- Smokey Mountains Fall Foliage Map
- Fall In Virginia – information from the Virginia Tourism Corporation.
Fall Foliage Activities
- Prince William Forest Park is an oasis of natural beauty and human history located only 35 miles south of Washington, DC.
- Monticello Artisan Trail (Nelson & Albemarle Counties). Nestled at the foot of the Blue Ridge mountains, Albemarle and Nelson counties offer an abundance of cultural, historical, recreational and leisure opportunities for our visitors enjoyment.
Why do leaves change color?
Most leaf colors are already in the plant leaf.
- Chlorophyll gives leaves their familiar green color.
- Carotenoids produce yellow, orange, and brown colors.
- Anthocyanins add color to red apples, blueberries, cherries, strawberries, and plums. They are water soluble and appear in the watery liquid of leaf cells.
Both chlorophyll and carotenoids are present in the chloroplasts of leaf cells throughout the growing season. During this time, chlorophyll is produced and broken down and leaves appear green. As days get shorter, chlorophyll production slows down until it stops. The green color is no longer visible, and other pigments present (carotenoids) with the chlorophyll are then revealed. During autumn, bright light and excess plant sugars produce anthocyanins within leaf cells.